Performing Historical Research with the ULS Library
Holding a number of primary source collections in print for Lutherans in the United States is only a small piece of the resources available to our students. The Library has acquired electronic access to a number of 19th century primary source newspapers and magazines through Accessible Archives  and through the American Antiquarian Society Periodicals, 1684-1912  collections. These resources provide a wealth of first-hand accounts in the 19th century, on issues such as Women's Suffrage, Slavery, Abolition, and the Civil War. In addition, a variety of magazines focused on domestic life, are included, as well! Take a look at the tabs above to learn more about how to access and what's included in these resources.
Citation & Reference Tools
We recommend that you purchase the 7th edition (or newer) of A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian) at the beginning of your studies at ULS so that you can refer to it every time you are completing a research paper.

If you need to cite something more complex, you can also refer to Chicago Manual of Style Online , as Turabian is a simplified version of Chicago.  
Accessible Archives
The Library has access to the complete collection of materials available through Access Archives. This collection has coverage of much of the 19th century in the United States, with a special focus on Africa American Newspapers, Pennsylvania, the Civil War, and Women's Suffrage.
  • Accessible Archives Restricted Resource Some full text available
    Access to the complete collection of materials available through Access Archives. This collection has coverage of much of the 19th century in the United States, with a special focus on Africa American Newspapers, Pennsylvania, the Civil War, and Women's Suffrage.
  • African American Newspapers (Accessible Archives) Restricted Resource Some full text available
    The African American Newspapers collection includes the full text of eleven early African American newspapers, including The Christian Recorder, Frederick Doublass' Paper, The North Star, and Freedmen's Record.
  • Civil War Collection (Accessible Archives) Restricted Resource Some full text available
    Accessible Archives has compiled an eclectic collection of original source material related to the Civil War. Included in this collection are perspectives from newspapers, generals, soldiers, and others. In addition, it includes a collection of abolitionist era reference materials, compiled by the Abraham Lincoln Memorial Library, Springfield, IL.
  • Women's Suffrage Collection (Accessible Archives) Restricted Resource Some full text available
    The collection covers the period 1840-1920, including various women's rights movements during that era. In particular, abolitionist movements up to and during the Civil War, temperance, and women's suffrage movments thereafter.
American Antiquarian Society Periodicals
The library has purchased a collection of over 5,000 periodicals, fully indexed & digitized for reading online. This collection covers the 17th thru the beginning of the 20th century. We've broken the collection up by areas of interest so that you may more easily find content connecting to your research. To search the full set, use the following link. To search a subset, browse the rest of this page.
Finding the numbers

Since the early days of religion in North America, denominational and missionary groups have collected data on their membership and activities. Throughout the 20th and 21st century, the sociological study of religion has led to further and more nuanced research into religious beliefs, customs, and communities in the United States. The ARDA has compiled much of this research, but denominationally-specific data can more likely be found on a denomination's own website (or archives).

For instance, the ELCA gathers data at the congregational, synodical, regional, and national level. The Lutheran World Federation compiles national statistics, as does the World Council of Churches. If you're having difficulty finding information about a particular denomination, contact the librarian for more help.

Governmental Statistics
Religion Data
Historic Church Proceedings
Women and the Church